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Some people believe that there should be fixed punishments for each type of crime. Others, however, argue that the circumstances of an individual crime, and the motivation for committing it, should always be taken into account when deciding on the punishment. Discuss both views and give your own opinion.

It is often argued how a criminal should be punished when convicted. While some believe that the reason why the crime was committed should be taken into consideration, others disagree. In their opinion, criminals committing similar crimes should get the same punishment regardless of the cause, but I do not agree with them. A few people think that wasting time on deciding the severity of the punishment an offender deserves is a wastage of valuable time of the judicial system. Instead of taking several days to try to minimize the punishment, a fix punishment can solve the dilemma instantly and thus, can expedite the entire process of justice. For example, if a fix punishment is decided in Singapore, a murder case will be solved within a week tentatively, while it takes a couple of months in current scenario. Even after a person voluntarily admits of committing a crime, several years are spent to decide how many years that person should serve in a jail because the judge needs to consider the circumstances of the crime. Therefore, supporting this idea certainly has many advantages. However, many times crimes are committed because of unavoidable circumstances or even in self-defence. These different scenarios cannot have the same consequences because the motive of the crime can have the power to change the verdict. For instance, a rape victim murdering the offender to save herself cannot be similar to brothers murdering each other because of property dispute. Moreover, sometimes the crime can be accidental as well. Hence, in the humanitarian ground, having the same punishment for all kinds of offences cannot be the solution, even if it means spending more time to come to a solution. In conclusion, even though a constant form of punishment for a particular genre of crime can be advantageous in terms of saving time and effort, according to me, the disadvantages outweigh the advantages. Instead of concentrating only on the crime, more investigation should be done to find the root cause of the problem which might lead to a verdict which is not only deserving and just, but also morally correct.
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