People who live in large cities face a range of problems in their daily life. What are the main problems people in cities face, and how can these problems be tackled?

It is commonplace in various parts of the world that an increasing number of people prefer to live in metropolitan areas for higher living standards.
, along with that, there emerge manifold problems that adversely affect
people in their diurnal life; and drastic measures should be taken to mitigate the consequences of
problems. One of the most conspicuous issues is overpopulation. Owing to the presence of numerous welfare merits regarding education, medical care and business in large cities, a vast number of people choose to migrate from rural areas to more developed ones, a trend
that is
known as urbanization.
trend causes urban areas to become increasingly populated and,
as a result
, a great number of issues therefrom are provoked,
as homelessness, traffic congestion, and higher crime rates. To combat those challenges, governments should consider long-term strategies to move
residents to less packed locations. A feasible option is to either build new satellite towns or enlarge metropolises by merging them with the suburbs or contiguous cities and relocate some universities, recreational
an area that is approximately central within some larger region
, shopping malls, sports
an area that is approximately central within some larger region
, and low-cost residential
a surrounding or nearby region
areas. Another deleterious feature that surrounds
dwellers is air pollution.
primarily derives from their domestic activities that continually introduce harmful contaminants into the air, indirectly causing a range of respiratory health problems.
For example
, in keeping with the substantial numbers of citizens in cities, there remains the excessive use of private vehicles, whereby emissions are extensively released into the atmosphere. To tackle
, there should be improvements in public transport systems to encourage more people to use it.
In addition
, it is essential that more trees be planted to absorb carbon dioxide and filter the air. To conclude, notwithstanding the undeniable benefits that
life offers,
dwellers are encountering various troubles.
, governments need to take action to address them.
Submitted by s.tung1994 on

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Topic Vocabulary:
  • urbanization
  • metropolis
  • commute
  • public transportation
  • gridlock
  • air pollution
  • noise pollution
  • expensive housing
  • exorbitant prices
  • work-life balance
  • recreation areas
  • parks and gardens
  • criminal activities
  • security measures
  • density
  • neighborhood
  • public amenities
  • healthcare facilities
  • educational institutions
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