People sleep less than they used to in the past. What do you think is the reason behind this? What are the effects on individuals?

People sleep fewer hours than they did many years ago.
This
is because we tend to work longer hours compared to the past and
this
results in fatigue. People tend to sleep less compared to the past because they are expected to work more.
This
is because the job market is more competitive than ever before and workers have to get more done or they may fall behind or be replaced by someone else.
This
means that people have to get up earlier and do not return home until late in the evening,
thus
cutting into their sleep.
Furthermore
, they do not have time to relax and
this
disrupts their sleep pattern.
For example
, a recent study showed that the average employee works 2.4 hours more than average workers in the 1970's. The primary effect of
this
widespread chronic fatigue.
That is
to say large sections of the population do not the required 8 hours and
this
results in a high percentage of them being too tired to live their lives effectively.
This
could mean that they
underperform
at work, are more irritable with those around them or could even have health problems.
For example
, the Golden State Warriors basketball team employed a sleep expert and the studied players who sleep for more than 9 hours a night and compared them with those that only got 6. Those that slept less had more injuries and actually performed worse on the court. In conclusion, people are more sleeping deprived than in previous generations due to longer working hours and the effect is that many are chronically tired to the point of exhaustion.
Submitted by chalamallanaresh on

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Include an introduction and conclusion

A conclusion is essential for IELTS writing task 2. It is more important than most people realise. You will be penalised for missing a conclusion in your IELTS essay.

The easiest paragraph to write in an essay is the conclusion paragraph. This is because the paragraph mostly contains information that has already been presented in the essay – it is just the repetition of some information written in the introduction paragraph and supporting paragraphs.

The conclusion paragraph only has 3 sentences:

  • Summary
  • Restatement of thesis
  • Prediction or recommendation

Example:

To summarize, a robotic teacher does not have the necessary disciple to properly give instructions to students and actually works to retard the ability of a student to comprehend new lessons. Therefore, it is clear that the idea of running a classroom completely by a machine cannot be supported. After thorough analysis on this subject, it is predicted that the adverse effects of the debate over technology-driven teaching will always be greater than the positive effects, and because of this, classroom teachers will never be substituted for technology.

Start your conclusion with a linking phrase. Here are some examples:

  • In conclusion
  • To conclude
  • To summarize
  • Finally
  • In a nutshell
  • In general

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