Most people accept that we now live in a globalised world but not everyone agrees that this is beneficial. To what extent is globalisation a positive or negative development?
Globalisation is here to stay, driven by advances in information technology and resulting in scientific, technological and economic progress and incresed international trade and investment. It has had wide-ranging positive and negavtive effects on employment and economic development, scientific research, language and culture, and the environment. One positive result of globalisation is the global distribution of labour. It is now much easier to move to other countries to find work, and this leads to better employment prospects for individuals and to move diverse workplaces. In addition, capital and industrial resources have migrated to developing countries, thus providing local jobs and boosting local economies. It has also resulted in greater contact between different cultures, as travel has become relatively safer and less expensive than it used to be. Ease of communication has encountered an unprecedented level of global scientific research and cooperation, and a subsequent explosion of knowledge and information. A downside of the global economy is that when a catastrophe occurs, as in the recent global financial crisis that started in the USA, it affects financial crisis that started in the USA, it affects the whole world. Similarly, when a virus emerges in one region of the world, it spreads rapidly, threatening worldwide health. Gloabalisation affects culture and language, too; minority language are dying out because of the necessity of learning English for international business, and indigenous cultures and being rejected in favour of a dominant, often USA-based, culture. Finally, levels of pollution are rising as countries strive for economic growth and a competition edge in the global market. In conclusion, globalisation is a double-edged sword that has created jobs and promoted international cooperation but has led to cultural losses, more environmental damage, increased health risks and exposure to economic crisis. However, our world will continue to shrink as technology expands, and we need to accept globalisation as a fact of life in the 21st century.