Overpopulation of urban areas has led to numerous problems. Identify one or two serious ones and suggest ways that governments and individuals can tackle these problems.

One of the major challenges being faced by the cities is the geometric rate at which people migrate from rural settlements to urban
centers
an area that is approximately central within some larger region
centres
.
This
,
however
, has been found to manifest with attendant consequences
such
as difficulty in waste management as well as health deterioration of the inhabitants of these cities. Solutions to these problems will
also
be proffered in the sequel of
this
write-up.
First
and foremost, due to the rising population in the cities, statistics have shown that it has become increasingly difficult to control and manage wastes generated from various households in the metropolises. Wastes
such
as food remnants, polythene bags as well as plastics have been found to constitute about 80% of these wastes.
However
, to nip
this
in the bud, each household has a responsibility of having their refuse disposal bags and containers at their disposal while the government
also
assists in providing door-to-door waste management services to convey these wastes to dump sites at the outskirt of the city.
Furthermore
, owing to overcrowding which results in competition for the available oxygen in the atmosphere, cases of communicable diseases have become epidemic amongst
cities’ inhabitants
Suggestion
the cities’ inhabitants
. Viral diseases
such
as flu and tuberculosis have become almost impossible to eradicate
as a result
of
this
phenomenon. In
this
regard, the government is saddled with the responsibility of creating a housing plan with a fundamental intent of opening-up the undeveloped and less developed areas.
This
will drastically free-up some of the densely populated areas within the city while
also
reducing the incidence of
disease epidemic
Suggestion
disease epidemics
a disease epidemic
. In conclusion, with conscious efforts by the citizens and government alike, challenges associated with overpopulation of the urban areas are quite surmountable and manageable in order to make the cities more habitable.

Include an introduction and conclusion

A conclusion is essential for IELTS writing task 2. It is more important than most people realise. You will be penalised for missing a conclusion in your IELTS essay.

The easiest paragraph to write in an essay is the conclusion paragraph. This is because the paragraph mostly contains information that has already been presented in the essay – it is just the repetition of some information written in the introduction paragraph and supporting paragraphs.

The conclusion paragraph only has 3 sentences:

  • Summary
  • Restatement of thesis
  • Prediction or recommendation

Example:

To summarize, a robotic teacher does not have the necessary disciple to properly give instructions to students and actually works to retard the ability of a student to comprehend new lessons. Therefore, it is clear that the idea of running a classroom completely by a machine cannot be supported. After thorough analysis on this subject, it is predicted that the adverse effects of the debate over technology-driven teaching will always be greater than the positive effects, and because of this, classroom teachers will never be substituted for technology.

Start your conclusion with a linking phrase. Here are some examples:

  • In conclusion
  • To conclude
  • To summarize
  • Finally
  • In a nutshell
  • In general

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