People who live in large cities face a range of problems in their daily life. What are the main problems people in cities face, and how can these problems be tackled?

It is true that people in big cities can expect to have a better life than ever before.
Although
there will undoubtedly be some negative consequences in their daily life, societies can take steps to mitigate these potential problems. The main problem for anyone who lives in large cities is that the cost of living is in excess of it is in small towns or villages. They have much higher prices for accommodation, transport, and even food.
For example
, in central Hanoi, the cost of a flat or a house is
unaffordable
impossible to avoid or evade
unavoidable
for manifold people, especially for people on the average salary. Another issue facing citizens is pollution. The high volume of traffic is a significant contributor to the degradation of air quality.
Therefore
, the number of people suffering respiratory diseases is dramatically increasing, particularly lung cancers and skin cancers.
However
, there are various steps that governments could take to tackle these problems.
Firstly
, they could invest the money in social housing to reduce the cost of living.
Secondly
, governments promote the utilizing of cleaner public transport, which would help to reduce both air pollution and traffic jam. A
third
measure is to develop provincial towns and rural areas by moving industry and jobs to those regions.
Thus
, pressure on major cities is considerably reduced. In conclusion, various measures can be taken to tackle the problems that are certain to arise because of the growth of cities.

Include an introduction and conclusion

A conclusion is essential for IELTS writing task 2. It is more important than most people realise. You will be penalised for missing a conclusion in your IELTS essay.

The easiest paragraph to write in an essay is the conclusion paragraph. This is because the paragraph mostly contains information that has already been presented in the essay – it is just the repetition of some information written in the introduction paragraph and supporting paragraphs.

The conclusion paragraph only has 3 sentences:

  • Summary
  • Restatement of thesis
  • Prediction or recommendation

Example:

To summarize, a robotic teacher does not have the necessary disciple to properly give instructions to students and actually works to retard the ability of a student to comprehend new lessons. Therefore, it is clear that the idea of running a classroom completely by a machine cannot be supported. After thorough analysis on this subject, it is predicted that the adverse effects of the debate over technology-driven teaching will always be greater than the positive effects, and because of this, classroom teachers will never be substituted for technology.

Start your conclusion with a linking phrase. Here are some examples:

  • In conclusion
  • To conclude
  • To summarize
  • Finally
  • In a nutshell
  • In general

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