Rich countries are getting richer while poor countries are getting poorer. What are the causes of this? What could be done to solve this problem?

Poor
countries
are getting poorer whereas rich
countries
are getting richer. There are many reasons behind
this
statement and
this
essay will discuss the two main reasons (
Population
and Poor Governance) as well as solutions to these problems. The sharp increase in
population
and poor
leadership
in some regions are the major reasons why these
countries
are poorer as compared to others. The
population
is the leading cause of unemployment which leads to low per-capita income and
further
leads to low GDP of the
country
. According to a survey in 2018, the percentage of global wealth in high-income
countries
like the USA and parts of Europe is higher and is inversely proportional to their
population
.
Similarly
, the
population
of
countries
like India and Vietnam is much higher resulting in a lower proportion of global wealth.
In addition
, poor political
leadership
is another main cause behind
countries
failing as economies and are unable to get out of
this
vicious circle. The Government plays a significant role in increasing the ratio of global wealth in its
country
but there are many leaders that are failing to keep the economic boat afloat by spending surplus money on elements that are not of much importance. To cite an example, the Indian Government spent INR 3800 crores on a statue rather than diverting the amount to more pressing issues which can create more job opportunities and eventually enjoy financial freedom. These are the two leading causes why rich
countries
are prospering financially and other regions are struggling. The solutions to the problems mentioned above are
birth
control and better
leadership
.
Birth
control is one of the ways to tackle the problem of
population
. There should be norms to have only 1 child which can play a significant in curbing the
population
.
For instance
, China has been controlling
birth
for a long time and has succeeded to a large extent and it has helped China to increase employment opportunities all over the
country
.
In addition
, it has put China in a better position monetarily and it has become one of the leading economies of the world.
Additionally
, the solution to poor governance is to elect better leaders who understand economics and can create better job opportunities and lead the
country
to a being rich. To conclude, the two major problems which are
population
and poor Government can be tackled by amicable solutions (
birth
control and smarter
leadership
).
This
is the way the poorer
countries
can become rich and compete with other parts of the world.

Use cohesive linking words accurately and appropriately

Linking words are very important in your essay.

To score effectively on your IELTS exam, you should make an effort to implement short concise sentences coupled with linking words.

Almost every sentence in your essay should have a linking word of some sort.

In fact, the only sentences that can omit linking words are your background sentence and thesis.

Linking word examples:

  • firstly
  • secondly
  • thirdly
  • in additional
  • moreover
  • also
  • for example
  • for instance
  • therefore
  • however
  • although
  • even though
  • despite

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