In recent years some countries have experienced very rapid economic development. This has resulted in much higher standards of living in urban areas but not in the countryside. This situation may bring some problems for the country as a whole. What are these problems? How might they be reduced? Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience. You should write at least 250 words. PROBLEMS - SOLVING

Over the past few decades, the economic growth in a number of nations has contributed to the noticeable gap in the living standards of people living in rural and urban areas.
This
essay will outline several main consequences of
this
situation, and
also
two possible
counter-measures
an action taken to offset another action
countermeasures
we could take.
Firstly
, the biggest problem is probably the
overpopulation which
Accept comma addition
overpopulation, which
is attributed to the massive immigration of rural people to big cities for a better living condition.
For instance
, in
search
Suggestion
the search
for tempting job opportunities because they find it hard to get a plum job in communities where have experienced slow economic progress and few jobs.
Furthermore
,
this
problem will probably lead to other serious consequences,
such
as environmental pollution, rampant diseases in overcrowded cities which are caused by massive construction activities to cater for
growing house demand
Suggestion
the growing house demand
of new immigrants, the increase in the levels of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases in the atmosphere from both city’s public and private vehicles. The economic gap between two social castes may concern society as a whole because the rich will probably become richer and the poor may be poorer.
This
has become a common phenomenon that has been seen in manifold countries, leading to
growing number
Suggestion
a growing number
the growing number
of crimes, and more seriously, social and political unrest. Turning to what can be done to address these above-mentioned issues, it would need involvement of both government and organizations.
Firstly
, the governments should implement more projects
such
as infrastructure, hospitals, schools for the purpose of raising rural living standards.
Secondly
, a number of incentive policies should be applied by administrations to encourage enterprises to relocate their factories, plants to the countryside, creating more jobs for local people. Overall, the consequences
in
Suggestion
of
this
situation are both social and environmental. Potential remedies may involve stronger government interventions and enterprises’ strategies in order to find a way to raise income of people in the countryside.

Include an introduction and conclusion

A conclusion is essential for IELTS writing task 2. It is more important than most people realise. You will be penalised for missing a conclusion in your IELTS essay.

The easiest paragraph to write in an essay is the conclusion paragraph. This is because the paragraph mostly contains information that has already been presented in the essay – it is just the repetition of some information written in the introduction paragraph and supporting paragraphs.

The conclusion paragraph only has 3 sentences:

  • Summary
  • Restatement of thesis
  • Prediction or recommendation

Example:

To summarize, a robotic teacher does not have the necessary disciple to properly give instructions to students and actually works to retard the ability of a student to comprehend new lessons. Therefore, it is clear that the idea of running a classroom completely by a machine cannot be supported. After thorough analysis on this subject, it is predicted that the adverse effects of the debate over technology-driven teaching will always be greater than the positive effects, and because of this, classroom teachers will never be substituted for technology.

Start your conclusion with a linking phrase. Here are some examples:

  • In conclusion
  • To conclude
  • To summarize
  • Finally
  • In a nutshell
  • In general

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