In recent years some countries have experienced very rapid economic development. This has resulted in much higher standards of living in urban areas but not in the countryside. This situation may bring some problems for the country as a whole. What are these problems? How might they be reduced? Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience. You should write at least 250 words.
The past 20 years have seen the fantastic economic development of some nations. Consequently, the living standard has been enhanced enormously in urban areas but not in remote villages. This essay will analyze the issues of this situation and suggest some solutions to tackle them. First of all, it is an disputable fact that there are an increasing number of rural citizens moving to large cities. In general, the main reasons of this phenomenon are more employment opportunities and the possibility to access the facilities available better. This makes the urban population rise significantly and puts a great pressure on housing and services. While the dearth of accommodation stimulate the development of slum areas, where the standard of living may far lower than that of suburban areas, overpopulation reduces the quality of healthcare system and education rapidly. Another noticeable problem is social order. The rich becoming richer and the poor becoming poorer are the most popular trends in many countries over the world. As a result, there may be a growing number of crime and even more seriously, the appearance of civil unrest. Numerous methods can be taken to alleviate the negative aspects. Firstly, more infrastructure namely traffic system, schools or hospitals needs to be constructed outside urban areas for the sake of improving the rural living standard. Secondly, governments should encourage the relocation of factories and companies in the countryside. This will create more paid work for local inhabitants and diminish the overcrowded pressure in cities. In conclusion, the rapid economic development causes some adverse outcomes including the large burden on housing or services and the risk of criminals. In years to come, I strongly believe that these difficult issues will be mitigated by the states’ effective policies.