Fresh water has always been a limited resource in some parts of the world. Today, however, growing worldwide demand has made this a global problem. What are the causes of the increased demand and what measure could governments and individuals take to respond to this problem? Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience. Write at least 250 words.

Since time immemorial, in certain drier parts of the world, fresh
water
has always been a scarce natural resource.
However
, in the present time, due to various reasons, scarcity of fresh
water
has become a global issue.
This
essay will illustrate some factors contributing to
this
problem and will
also
elicit certain steps that can help the national authorities and individuals in controlling
this
growing demand for natural salt free
water
. There are compelling reasons for shortage of fresh
water
. The main reason is the overpopulation in the metropolitan areas. The global phenomenon of urbanization
has lead
Suggestion
has led
to the global surge in potable
water
requirement.
Secondly
, increased pollution of natural fresh
water
reserves due to urbanisation and industrialization has compounded
this
demand. In fact, since the beginning of industrialization, fresh
water
from rivers and lakes has been increasingly used for manufacturing processes
such
as chemical reactions, cleaning toxic equipments and so on.
Furthermore
, in modern times, the growing use of salt free
water
for activities like recreational swimming, have
also
catalysed the surge in global
water
demand.
For instance
, swimming pools at home, theme parks, and resorts use an avalanche of
water
.
Therefore
,
water
scarcity has risen and is now a global problem. National authorities,
on the other hand
, can control
this
surge by implementing public education schemes regarding controlled
water
usage. Strict national legislations for preventing natural fresh
water
reserve pollution are
also
required.
Moreover
,
government
Suggestion
the government
should
also
set up infrastructure for purification of seawater into saline free
water
, which will help in meeting the growing requirement of fresh
water
. A good example is UAE where desalination plants have been used
since
Suggestion
for
many years to provide fresh drinking
water
.
Similarly
,
public
Suggestion
the public
can
also
contribute towards
this
noble cause by conserving
water
and
also
by limiting their daily household
water
usage. They should refrain themselves from performing activities that will pollute natural fresh
water
reserves.
Thus even
Accept comma addition
Thus, even
though, the scarcity of fresh
water
is a growing global problem, there are various means and methods available, by which both the government and individuals can prevent
this
from worsening.

Include an introduction and conclusion

A conclusion is essential for IELTS writing task 2. It is more important than most people realise. You will be penalised for missing a conclusion in your IELTS essay.

The easiest paragraph to write in an essay is the conclusion paragraph. This is because the paragraph mostly contains information that has already been presented in the essay – it is just the repetition of some information written in the introduction paragraph and supporting paragraphs.

The conclusion paragraph only has 3 sentences:

  • Summary
  • Restatement of thesis
  • Prediction or recommendation

Example:

To summarize, a robotic teacher does not have the necessary disciple to properly give instructions to students and actually works to retard the ability of a student to comprehend new lessons. Therefore, it is clear that the idea of running a classroom completely by a machine cannot be supported. After thorough analysis on this subject, it is predicted that the adverse effects of the debate over technology-driven teaching will always be greater than the positive effects, and because of this, classroom teachers will never be substituted for technology.

Start your conclusion with a linking phrase. Here are some examples:

  • In conclusion
  • To conclude
  • To summarize
  • Finally
  • In a nutshell
  • In general

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