Lack of fresh water is becoming a global issue of increasing importance. What problems does this shortage cause? What measures could be taken to overcome these problems?

Water
scarcity is becoming a significant global problem with far-reaching effects. Long-term solutions require extensive government intervention in programmes, including research and climate mitigation measures, but individuals
also
need to become aware of the need for
water
conservation. A major problem for all countries is the huge amount of
water
necessary for agriculture and industry. When there is insufficient
water
, crops fail, animals die and people go hungry. Without an adequate
water
supply, manufacturers, food producers, mining operations and businesses cannot succeed. Ultimately,
water
is the key to economic prosperity.
Water
shortages create particular difficulties in developing countries.
Firstly
, many women and children in these countries have to spend the whole day walking to and from a remote
water
source to fetch
water
.
Consequently
, these children miss school and often do not receive an adequate education.
Secondly
, the
water
that is
available for daily use may be contaminated, and
this
can lead to illness and even death. One of the most important long-term solutions to
this
problem is to work towards reducing global warming and climate change, as dry regions are becoming drier across the planet.
Additionally
, pollution of waterways needs to be addressed, as we take steps to clean up our existing supplies of
this
precious resource. Many old-fashioned irrigation schemes are generally very wasteful, so funds need to be available for research into
water
conservation and new irrigation technologies. These technologies could
then
be transferred to developing nations. At an individual level, we need to become aware of wasteful
water
-use habits,
such
as watering lawns in the summer, or pouring our grey
water
down the drain. In conclusion, the inadequate supply of fresh
water
is one of the most crucial environmental problems facing our planet, and we need to work to preserve
this
precious resource.

Fully explain your ideas

To get an excellent score in the IELTS Task 2 writing section, one of the easiest and most effective tips is structuring your writing in the most solid format. A great argument essay structure may be divided to four paragraphs, in which comprises of four sentences (excluding the conclusion paragraph, which comprises of three sentences).

For we to consider an essay structure a great one, it should be looking like this:

  • Paragraph 1 - Introduction
    • Sentence 1 - Background statement
    • Sentence 2 - Detailed background statement
    • Sentence 3 - Thesis
    • Sentence 4 - Outline sentence
  • Paragraph 2 - First supporting paragraph
    • Sentence 1 - Topic sentence
    • Sentence 2 - Example
    • Sentence 3 - Discussion
    • Sentence 4 - Conclusion
  • Paragraph 3 - Second supporting paragraph
    • Sentence 1 - Topic sentence
    • Sentence 2 - Example
    • Sentence 3 - Discussion
    • Sentence 4 - Conclusion
  • Paragraph 4 - Conclusion
    • Sentence 1 - Summary
    • Sentence 2 - Restatement of thesis
    • Sentence 3 - Prediction or recommendation

Our recommended essay structure above comprises of fifteen (15) sentences, which will make your essay approximately 250 to 275 words.

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