In a number of countries, some people think it’s necessary to spend large sums of money on constructing new railway lines for very fast trains between cities. Others believe the money should be spent on improving existing public transport. Discuss both these views and give your opinion.

Whether it is in regards to spending funds on building new
lines for superfast trains or upgrading the prevailing public transportation, people have opposing views.
, I support the latter view as it may benefit the
in the long run.
To begin
with, some people believe directing monetary funds on constructing new
tracks for faster trains as they significantly cut the journey times of commuters. Because of the reduction in the travel time taken by the government officials and businessmen in reaching their workplaces, they are able to work for longer hours thereby enhancing the productivity of people.
For instance
, Ahmedabad-Mumbai bullet trains on new paths help people traverse faster as opposed to conventional trains which take around more hours to reach different cities.
, investing in the latest high-speed
tracks would result in time savings for people.
, opponents, myself included, consider substantial amounts of funds should be diverted to improve already-existing public transport since in the long term it is better for the
. The condition of old buses in many cities have become degraded and they not only pollute the air but
fail to attract the willingness of people to ride on them.
For example
, many countries have launched future projects towards driving the public transport fleet electric by making provisions for investments in electric buses, which can prove to environmentally friendly, resulting in zero harmful emissions clogging the atmosphere.
investments solve the most pressing problem of air pollution and prove beneficial for the
. To conclude,
some people are of the view that investing money in building new
lines for high-speed trains might have benefits, I support the opinion of spending money on upgrading the existing public transportation modes which solve the issues of air pollution for the betterment of the
Submitted by m.rashed.hcc on

Unauthorized use and/or duplication of this material without express and written permission from this site’s author and/or owner is strictly prohibited. Excerpts and links may be used, provided that full and clear credit is given to Writing9 with appropriate and specific direction to the original content.

Include an introduction and conclusion

A conclusion is essential for IELTS writing task 2. It is more important than most people realise. You will be penalised for missing a conclusion in your IELTS essay.

The easiest paragraph to write in an essay is the conclusion paragraph. This is because the paragraph mostly contains information that has already been presented in the essay – it is just the repetition of some information written in the introduction paragraph and supporting paragraphs.

The conclusion paragraph only has 3 sentences:

  • Summary
  • Restatement of thesis
  • Prediction or recommendation


To summarize, a robotic teacher does not have the necessary disciple to properly give instructions to students and actually works to retard the ability of a student to comprehend new lessons. Therefore, it is clear that the idea of running a classroom completely by a machine cannot be supported. After thorough analysis on this subject, it is predicted that the adverse effects of the debate over technology-driven teaching will always be greater than the positive effects, and because of this, classroom teachers will never be substituted for technology.

Start your conclusion with a linking phrase. Here are some examples:

  • In conclusion
  • To conclude
  • To summarize
  • Finally
  • In a nutshell
  • In general

Discover more tips in The Ultimate Guide to Get a Target Band Score of 7+ »— a book that's free for 🚀 Premium users.

Topic Vocabulary:
  • infrastructure
  • investment
  • urban mobility
  • commuters
  • sustainable
  • environmentally friendly
  • accessibility
  • rejuvenate
  • cost-effective
  • traffic congestion
  • economic sustainability
  • tourism
What to do next:
Look at other essays: