Tourism has increased so much over the last 50 years that it is having a mainly negative impact on local inhabitants and the environment. However, others claim that it is good for the economy. Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of tourism and give your own opinion.

Whether or not tourist destinations benefit from international
is a debatable issue.
some governments, the local economic benefits are worth the overcrowding and hiked prices of the tourist season.
, there are environmental and social costs and other risks of relying on
a large number or amount
as a major source of annual income. Sleepy coastal communities can be changed beyond recognition by mass-market
. Package holiday companies operate huge numbers of low-cost flights to high-rise hotels in developing countries every summer.
means, of course, that easy money can be had servicing
seasonal influx and the government sees increased tax revenue and local employment.
, when the tourist season comes to an end.
ceases and the area becomes a ghost town. The social cohesion of a small community can
be blighted by the seasonal migration of people to the cities to look for work out of season, leaving only the elderly behind.
is perhaps made worse by
home owners, who drive up house prices beyond the means of local inhabitants.
On the other hand
, the local community
gain language skills and other fringe benefits of cultural exchange.
a large volume of travellers every year can cause environmental problems to fragile habitats and historical sites. Age-old stone remains can be worn away and traditional buildings demolished in favour of bland international hotels. Local infrastructure can
fail to cope with large numbers of visitors, leading to pollution and litter.
, over time
can change as the economy improves and
becomes more of an established industry. Local government investment in infrastructure should ensure repeat trade and
benefits for the economy. Overall,
can be a good source of income for countries blessed with natural beauty or sites of historical interest.
, governments must ensure that the wishes of local businesses are not put before the needs of the local community and that any revenue generated by
is reinvested in the area to protect the local environment.
Submitted by People’s life expectancy in the 21st century has been rising on an unprecedented scale. As a result, policymakers are now considering extending the working age for old people. Prolonged life is, on the one hand, a welcome change for many individuals, yet I believe this is completely not a good idea for old people to continue to work due to several reasons related to their deteriorated work performance and capability to adapt to new technologies. Breakthroughs in medicine and heightened awareness of nutrition are the two key factors leading to longevity. For example, nanotechnology, with tiny robots being injected into patients’ body and mending all their damaged organs, are believed to the one of the secrets to obliterate any currently incurable diseases such as cancer. Additionally, people nowadays are better aware of the importance of a good diet, and such wise consumption can ensure good health and consequently extended age. However, extending people’s working age can be a catastrophe to both senior citizens and companies. The majority of people at the age of 65 or over, especially in developing countries, are unable to maintain the same degree of performance as their younger counterparts. This would eventually give rise to many unwanted repercussions that affect the company’s overall profits and the personal life of the aged workers as well. Also, the fast-paced life requires quick adaption and adjustments to new technology, and this is something that the elderly may never be on par with the younger ones. It is not an overstatement to say that it is a torture to work in a place where you are both physically and technologically inferior to your younger co-workers. In conclusion, my firm conviction is that old people should not be involved in work any longer than their designated retirement age now. If the need for workforce is urgent, old people can, to a certain extent, work as consultants or mentors rather than the main labor force. 30 minutes – 323 words – computer-delivered on

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    • Sentence 2 - Example
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Topic Vocabulary:
  • negative impact
  • local inhabitants
  • economy
  • boosts
  • cultural exchange
  • preservation
  • restoration
  • environmental degradation
  • overcrowding
  • strain
  • infrastructure
  • cultural dilution
  • commercialized
  • economic dependence
  • sustainable tourism
  • mitigate
  • adverse effects
  • regulation
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