Car ownership has increased so rapidly over the past 30 years that many cities in the world are now ‘one big traffic jam’. How true do you think this statement is? What measures can governments take to discourage people from using their cars?

It is true that the number of people having a
has increased exponentially in the
thirty years. While I completely agree with the view / opinion / argument that most metro cities have become ‘one big traffic jam’, there are many steps which governments can take to tackle
. Traffic congestion is the most pressing issue that many cities across the world face today. Over the
few decades, the rate of
ownership has accelerated significantly, and if not controlled, it is likely to rise
. Admittedly, governments across the world have tried to resolve / fix
by widening existing roads;
, they have not been able to match the pace of increasing
, the
of congestion has escalated to
a level that in big cities, it affects not only business activities but
the physical and mental well-being of residents. Businesses incur loss because of the delay in moving their goods and manpower. Urban residents
suffer because of the constant noise and air pollution caused by frequent traffic jams. There are many measures that governments can initiate to contain
issue of
increasing number
the increasing number
of cars on roads.
of all, governments can increase the financial burden of
have ownership or possession of
by imposing green tax on the sale of new cars and fuel. They are likely to face resistance from voters;
, they can certainly gather public support by running awareness campaigns.
, they can invest more in public transport. If people find that travelling by bus or commuter train can save their money and time, they will certainly prefer them to private vehicles. In conclusion,
most cities struggle
the most cities struggle
with the issue of traffic congestion, authorities can alleviate
situation /
by imposing carbon tax on private vehicles and improving public transport infrastructure.
Submitted by Serhii Baraniuk on

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Include an introduction and conclusion

A conclusion is essential for IELTS writing task 2. It is more important than most people realise. You will be penalised for missing a conclusion in your IELTS essay.

The easiest paragraph to write in an essay is the conclusion paragraph. This is because the paragraph mostly contains information that has already been presented in the essay – it is just the repetition of some information written in the introduction paragraph and supporting paragraphs.

The conclusion paragraph only has 3 sentences:

  • Summary
  • Restatement of thesis
  • Prediction or recommendation


To summarize, a robotic teacher does not have the necessary disciple to properly give instructions to students and actually works to retard the ability of a student to comprehend new lessons. Therefore, it is clear that the idea of running a classroom completely by a machine cannot be supported. After thorough analysis on this subject, it is predicted that the adverse effects of the debate over technology-driven teaching will always be greater than the positive effects, and because of this, classroom teachers will never be substituted for technology.

Start your conclusion with a linking phrase. Here are some examples:

  • In conclusion
  • To conclude
  • To summarize
  • Finally
  • In a nutshell
  • In general

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