Task 2 You should spend about 40 minutes on this task. Write about the following topic: i. Solar energy is becoming more and more popular as a source of household energy in many countries around the world. ii. Why is this? iii. What are the advantages and disadvantages of solar energy? Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience. Write at least 250 words.

Throughout the globe, the natives of a majority of countries, preferring solar
energy
as the
source
for their domestic
energy
use.
Although
solar
energy
is environmental-friendly and doesn't require fuel to work, it is highly dependent on climate and generates
electricity
on sunny days only. The advantages of solar
energy
,
however
, easily outweigh its disadvantages when compared with other sources. Solar
energy
is the cleanest and efficient form of
energy
since
sunlight
captured by a solar panel is directly converted to
electricity
.
Additionally
, there is no cost required to run the solar panel via fuels: petrol, diesel or natural gases, making solar
energy
the cheapest
source
.
For instance
, in India, farmers use solar
energy
to power their homes and water pumps to irrigate their crop fields. They even sell extra
energy
, if produced, to their regional
electricity
boards to generate additional profits.
Therefore
, solar
energy
is beneficial to both humankind and nature since it is pollution-free power. Despite the pros, climate and environment
drastically affects
Suggestion
drastically affect
the performance of the solar panel since the amount of
energy
generated is dependent on the quantity of
sunlight
trapped. So, solar
energy
is not a consistent power
source
, especially in winter and rainy seasons,
thus
forcing people to rely on other types of
energy
.
Also
, a polluted environment can hinder the capturing of
sunlight
by reflecting the same, making solar
energy
useless even in summer seasons.
For example
, at present India's solar capacity is 25 Gigawatts
(
Accept space
(
GW) and has a target of reaching 100 Gigawatts
(
Accept space
(
GW) by 2022.
However
, the capacity is estimated to increase to only 46 GW by the end of 2022 because of adverse climate: unpredictable rainfalls and cold or smog environment, causing hindrance to the capturing of
sunlight
.
Thus
, the performance of solar
energy
is weather dependent and
hence
, a variable
source
. To conclude, the usage of solar
energy
has become incredibly common. While there is no doubt that solar
energy
is not an all-time
source
, but it is
also
true that solar
energy
is a cheap
source
to produce eco-friendly
electricity
.
Submitted by jkdrave on

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