What role has human activity played in causing climate change?

Nowadays, the extent of the human contribution to modern global warming is a hotly debated topic. The current global average temperature is 0.85ºC higher than it was in the late 19th century. Earth’s surface has undergone unprecedented warming over the
last
centuries, and the most discussed question is whether human
activity
is the major cause of
this
phenomenon. As many studies show, the principal cause of
climate
change
is human
activity
and,
in particular
, the ways in which societies produce and use energy. According to the Intergovernmental Panel on
Climate
Change
’s fifth assessment report, human emissions and activities have caused around 100% of the warming observed since 1950. Human endeavours, like burning fossil fuels, cutting down rainforests, and farming livestock, result in
tremendous
Suggestion
tremendous changes
a tremendous change
change
in global
climate
patterns and increase greenhouse gas concentration in the atmosphere. Human causes could not have contributed to the shift in worldwide weather single-handedly.
On the contrary
, among
vast range
Suggestion
a vast range
the vast range
of
climate
forcers, non-human
climate
drivers
also
exist. For natural grounds for
climate
change
, among which are changes in volcanic
activity
and solar output, IPCC assigns a 3-5% role, noting,
however
, that these factors could
also
have been affected by human
activity
indirectly. What is more, large volcanic eruptions may result in the cooling effect rather than in the rise of the average global temperature. Since the beginning of the Industrial Revolution, people have burned more and more fossil fuels and changed vast areas of land from forests to farmland. The solutions for recent global
climate
change
are within the human domain inasmuch as the primary cause of these environmental changes.
Submitted by artemmveselov on

Unauthorized use and/or duplication of this material without express and written permission from this site’s author and/or owner is strictly prohibited. Excerpts and links may be used, provided that full and clear credit is given to Writing9 with appropriate and specific direction to the original content.

Improve your IELTS writing score within two weeks
Just type your IELTS essay and receive a clear, detailed report and band score in a moment.

Fully explain your ideas

To get an excellent score in the IELTS Task 2 writing section, one of the easiest and most effective tips is structuring your writing in the most solid format. A great argument essay structure may be divided to four paragraphs, in which comprises of four sentences (excluding the conclusion paragraph, which comprises of three sentences).

For we to consider an essay structure a great one, it should be looking like this:

  • Paragraph 1 - Introduction
    • Sentence 1 - Background statement
    • Sentence 2 - Detailed background statement
    • Sentence 3 - Thesis
    • Sentence 4 - Outline sentence
  • Paragraph 2 - First supporting paragraph
    • Sentence 1 - Topic sentence
    • Sentence 2 - Example
    • Sentence 3 - Discussion
    • Sentence 4 - Conclusion
  • Paragraph 3 - Second supporting paragraph
    • Sentence 1 - Topic sentence
    • Sentence 2 - Example
    • Sentence 3 - Discussion
    • Sentence 4 - Conclusion
  • Paragraph 4 - Conclusion
    • Sentence 1 - Summary
    • Sentence 2 - Restatement of thesis
    • Sentence 3 - Prediction or recommendation

Our recommended essay structure above comprises of fifteen (15) sentences, which will make your essay approximately 250 to 275 words.

Read more in the eBook

The Ultimate Guide to Get a Target Band Score of 7+ »

* free ebook for Premium users

What to do next:
Look at other essays:
Improve your writing score in 2 weeks
Hundreds of algorithms will assess your writing according to 4 evaluation criteria. Writing9 helps you find the weak points of your essay and make it flawless.